What are biofuels?

International Energy Agency (2011). Technology Roadmap Biofuels for Transport.View resource

Advanced Biofuels

European Climate Foundation (2014). Wasted, Europe’s untapped resources. (Reference 1 in infographic) View resource

European Commission (2013). EU Energy, transport and GHG emissions trends to 2050 – Reference Scenario 2013; Capros P et al. View resource

European Commission (2006). Biofuels in the European Union. A vision for 2030 and beyond. View resource

Seadi T, Owen N, Hellstrom H, Kang H (2013). Source separation of MSW. IEA Bioenergy. (Reference 4 in infographic) View resource

Searle S & Malins C (2013). Availability of cellulosic residues and wastes in the EU. International Council on Clean Transportation Whitepaper. (Reference 5 in infographic) View resource

Biofuels Digest (2014). Italy sets first advanced biofuel mandate in Europe. View resource

European Climate Foundation (2014). Wasted, Europe’s untapped resources. View resource

Advanced Biofuels – More information fact sheet View resource

International Energy Agency (2013). Production costs of alternative transportation fuels. View resource

Stephen J D, Mabee W E, Saddler J N (2012). Will second-generation bioethanol be able to compete with first generation ethanol? Opportunities for cost reduction. Biofuels, Bioprod. Bioref 6:159-176

Bentsen N S, Thorsen B J, Felby C (2009). Energy, land and feed balances of converting winter wheat to ethanol. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining  3:521-533.

Morrow W R, Griffin W M, Matthews H S (2006). Modeling Switchgrass Derived Cellulosic Ethanol Distribution in the United States, Envi. Sci. Techn. 40  2877–2886.

Smeets E M, Junginger E, Faaij A (2005). “Supportive Study for the OECD on Alternative Developments in Biofuel”, report for the OECD Directorate for Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, Paris. View resource

Larsen J, Petersen M Ø, Thirup L, Li H W, Iversen F K (2008). The IBUS Process – Lignocellulosic Bioethanol Close to a Commercial Reality. Chem. Eng. Techn.31 765-77

D. Humbird et al. (2011). Process Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol Dilute-Acid Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Corn Stover (2011) National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Technical Report NREL/TP-5100-47764.

International Energy Agency (2011). Technology Roadmap – Biofuels for Transport. View resource

Cost Competitiveness

International Energy Agency (2013). Production costs of alternative transportation fuels. View resource

Stephen J D, Mabee W E, Saddler J N (2012). Will second-generation bioethanol be able to compete with first generation ethanol? Opportunities for cost reduction. Biofuels, Bioprod. Bioref 6:159-176.

Cost Competitiveness – More information fact sheet View resource

Møller F, Slentø E, Frederiksen P (2014). Integrated well-to-wheel assessment of biofuels combining energy and emission LCA and welfare economic Cost Benefit Analysis. Biomass & Bioenergy 60, 41-49.

Langholtz M, Eaton L, Turhollow A, Hilliard M (2014). 2013 feedstock supply and price projections and sensitivity analysis Biofuels, Bioprod. Bioref. 8 594–607. (Reference 12 in infographic)

International Energy Agency (2014). Energy Technology Perspectives 2014 light road passenger sector data. View resource

International Energy Agency (2011). Technology Roadmap – Biofuels for Transport. View resource

Element Energy (2013) The Role of Biofuels Beyond 2020 View resource

Chum H, Faaij A, Moreira J, (CLA’s), Berndes G; Dhamija P; Dong H; Gabrielle B X; Goss E, Alison M; Lucht W; Mapako M; Masera Cerutti O; McIntyre T C; Minowa T; Pingoud K, Bain R; Chiang R; Dawe D; Heath G; Junginger M; Patel M; Yang J C.; Warner E, Chapter 2, Bioenergy. In: Edenhofer O, Pichs Madruga R, Sokona Y et al. (eds.) (2011) The IPCC Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation, Cambridge University Press, New York, ISBN 978-1-107-60710-12011. Pp. 209-332.

European Climate Foundation (2014). Wasted, Europe’s untapped resources. View resource

Energy security

European Commission (2014). In-depth study of European Energy Security. (Reference 17 in infographic & reference 19) View resource

International Energy Agency. Statistics. (Reference 18 in infographic) View resource

European Commission (2013). EU Energy, Transport And GHG Emissions Trends To 2050, Reference Scenario 2013. View resource

Reuters (2014). Brent falls below $69 as price rout rolls on. View resource

Eurostat. Imports and exports of renewables. View resource

European Commission (2014). Energy security communication. View resource

Environment News Service (2014). World’s First Refinery Turning Farm Waste to Bioethanol Opens. View resource

E4Tech (2013). A harmonised Auto-Fuel biofuel roadmap for the EU to 2030. View resource

Niclas S.B and Claus F (2010). “Technical potentials of biomass for energy services from current agriculture and forestry in selected countries in Europe, The Americas and Asia”, Forest and Landscape working papers, Faculty of Life Sciences – University of Copenhagen, 55/2010.

European Climate Foundation (2014). Wasted, Europe’s untapped resources. View resource

de Wit M, Lesschen J P, Londo M, Faaij A (2014). Greenhouse gas mitigation effects of integrating biomass production into European Agriculture. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Volume 8, Issue 3, May/June 2014, Pp. 374–390.

Energy Security – More information fact sheet View resource

Fischer G, Prieler S, van Velthuizen H, Berndes G, Faaij A, Londo M, de Wit M (2010). Biofuel production potentials in Europe: Sustainable use of cultivated land and pastures, Part II: Land use scenarios, Biomass and Bioenergy, Volume 34, Issue 2, February 2010, Pages 173-187.

Land And Food – Availability And Price

Food and Agriculture Organisation (2008). Soaring food prices: facts, perspectives, impacts and actions required. View resource

Ecofys (2012). Renewable energy progress and biofuels sustainability. View resource

Baffes J and Haniotis T (2010). “Placing the 2006/08 Commodity Price Boom into Perspective”, report for the World Bank Development Prospects Group. View resource

Rosillo-Calle F and Johnson F (2010). Food versus Fuel. An informed introduction. Zed Books. London

Committee on World Food Security (2013). Biofuels and food security. A report by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition. View resource

Hamelinck C (2013). Biofuels and food security. Risks and opportunities. Ecofys. August 2013. Project number: BIENL13469.View resource

Land and Food – More information fact sheet 1 View resource

Hamelinck C (2013). Biofuels and food security. Risks and opportunities. Ecofys. August 2013. Project number: BIENL13469.View resource

Baffes J and Dennis A (2013). Long term drivers of food prices. World Bank. View resource

Food and Agriculture Organisation. Food security definition. View resource

RSB (2014). Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials. View resource

Hamelinck C (2013). Biofuels and food security. Risks and opportunities. Ecofys. August 2013. Project number: BIENL13469. (Reference 37 in infographic) View resource

Overseas Development Institute (2014). Biofuels and local food security. (Reference 38 in infographic) View resource

Food and Agriculture Organisation (2010). The BEFS Analysis for Tanzania. Rome. View resource (accessed September 2014)

Cotula L and Leonard R (Eds) (2010). Alternatives to land acquisitions: Agricultural investment and collaborative business models. IIED. UK. Pp. 143

Lynd L and Woods J (2011).  A new hope for Africa. NATURE , Vol 474, 23 June 2011. Pages 20-21.

Diaz-Chavez R (2010). The Role of Biofuels in promoting rural development. In: Rosillo-Calle F and Johnson F (eds). Food versus Fuel. An informed introduction. Zed Books. London.

Diaz-Chavez R A, Mutimba S, Watson H, Rodriguez-Sanchez S & Nguer M (2010). Mapping food and bioenergy in Africa. A report prepared on behalf of FARA (Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa), Ghana.

International Energy Agency (2011). IEA Biofuels Roadmap. View resource

Fritz S, See L and Valin H (2013). Current issues and uncertainties in estimating global land availability for biofuel production. Biofuels Volume 4, Issue 4, 2013.

Watson H and Diaz-Chavez R (2011). An assessment of the potential of drylands in eight sub-Saharan African countries to produce bioenergy feedstocks. Interface Focus April 6, 2011 1:263-270.

European Commission (2009). Renewable Energy Directive. View resource

European Commission (2014). Biofuels sustainability schemes. View resource

Food and Agricultural Organisation (2009). How to feed the world in 2050. View resource

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2014). Chapter 11 of the 5th Assessment report WG3. View resource

Turkenburg W, Arent D, Bertani R, Faaij A, Hand M, Kraft D, Krewitt W, Larson E, Lempp P, Lund J, Mehos M, Merrigan T, Mitchell C, Moreira J, Sinke W, Sonntag-O’Brein V, Taylor R, Tresher B, van Sark W, Usher E (2011). Global Energy Assessment – Knowledge Module 11: Renewable Energy, Pp. 230.

Smeets E, Faaij A, Lewandowski I, Turkenburg W (2007). A quick scan of global bio-energy potentials to 2050. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2007, Pages 56-106.

Creutzig F, Ravindranath N H, Berndes G, Bolwig S, Bright R, Cherubini F, Chum H, Corbera E, Delucchi M, Faaij A, Fargione J, Haberl H, Heath G, Lucon O, Plevin R, Pop Ap, Robledo-Abad C, Rose S, Smith P, Stromman A, Suh S, Masera O (2014). Bioenergy and climate change mitigation: an assessment Article first published online: 4 July 2014, DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12205 (Global Change Biology – Bioenergy).

Land and Food – More information fact sheet 2 View resource

Turkenburg W, Arent D, Bertani R, Faaij A, Hand M, Kraft D, Krewitt W, Larson E, Lempp P, Lund J, Mehos M, Merrigan T, Mitchell C, Moreira J, Sinke W, Sonntag-O’Brein V, Taylor R, Tresher B, van Sark W, Usher E (2011). Global Energy Assessment – Knowledge Module 11: Renewable Energy, Pp. 230.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2014). Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation View resource

Smeets E, Faaij A, Lewandowski I, Turkenburg W (2007). A quick scan of global bio-energy potentials to 2050. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2007, Pages 56-106.

Dornburg V, van Vuuren D, van de Ven G, Langeveld H, Meeusen M, Banse M, van Oorschot M, Ros J, van den Born G J, Aiking H, Londo M, Mozaffarian H, Verweij P, Lysen E, Faaij A (2010). Bioenergy Revisited: Key Factors in Global Potentials of Bioenergy, Energy & Environmental Science, February 2010, 3, Pages 258–267.

Creutzig F, Ravindranath N H, Berndes G, Bolwig S, Bright R, Cherubini F, Chum H, Corbera E, Delucchi M, Faaij A, Fargione J, Haberl H, Heath G, Lucon O, Plevin R, Pop Ap, Robledo-Abad C, Rose S, Smith P, Stromman A, Suh S, Masera O (2014). Bioenergy and climate change mitigation: an assessment Article first published online: 4 July 2014, DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12205 (Global Change Biology – Bioenergy).

Hoffman L A and Baker A (2011). Estimating the Substitution of Distillers’ Grains for Corn and Soybean Meal in the U.S. Feed Complex. A report from Economic Research Service.

Wisner R (2011). Estimated U.S. Dried Distillers Grains with Solubles, Production and Use, Iowa State University.

Ernst & Young LLC (2011). Biofuels and Indirect Land Use Change—the case for mitigation. View resource

Searchinger T et al. (2008). Use of U.S. Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse Gases Through Emissions from Land Use Change, Science 319:1238-1240.

Tyner et al. (2010). Land Use Changes and Consequent CO2 Emissions due to US Corn Ethanol Production: A Comprehensive Analysis.

Laborde (2011). Assessing the Land Use Change Consequences of European Biofuel Policies, Final Report, October 2011, IFPRI.

The International Council on Clean Transportation (2012). A model-based quantitative assessment of the carbon benefits of introducing iLUC factors in the European Renewable Energy Directive; Washington DC View resource

Joint Research Centre (2011). Critical issues in estimating ILUC emissions – Outcomes of an expert consultation 9-10 November 2010, Ispra (Italy); Marelli L, Mulligan D, Edwards R; Ispra. View resource

International Food Policy Research Institute, EC Joint Research Centre – Institute for Energy and Transport (2014). Progress in estimates of ILUC with MIRAGE model; Laborde D, Padella M, Edwards R, Marelli L; Report EUR 26106 EN; Luxembourg. View resource

Ernst & Young LLC (2011). Biofuels and Indirect Land Use Change—the case for mitigation. View resource

Fritsche U and Wiegmann K (2011). Indirect Land Use Change and Biofuels; prepared for the EP Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety; IP/A/ENVI/ST/2010-15; Brussels. View resource

Wicke B et al. (2015). ILUC Prevention Strategies for Sustainable Biofuels – Synthesis report from the ILUC Prevention project; Utrecht University; Utrecht. View resource

European Commission (2009). Renewable Energy Directive. View resource

European Commission (2014). Biofuels sustainability schemes. View resource

Land and Food – More information fact sheet 3 View resource

Ahlgren S and Di Lucia L (2014). Indirect land use changes of biofuel production – a review of modelling efforts and policy developments in the European Union; in: Biotechnology for Biofuels vol. 7:35. View resource

International Energy Agency (2012). Energy Technology Perspectives 2012 – Pathways to a Clean Energy System; Paris.

Zilberman D, Hochman G, Rajagopal D, Sexton S, and Timilsina G (2013). The Impact of Biofuels on Commodity Food Prices: Assessment of Findings.  American Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 95, pp. 275-281. (Reference 67 in infographic)

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

International Energy Agency (2011). Technology Roadmap – Biofuels for Transport. View resource

European Commission (2014). A policy framework for climate and energy in the period from 2020 to 2030; Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions; COM (2014) 15 final. View resource

Joint Research Centre, EUCAR, CONCAWE (2014). Well-to-Wheels analysis of future automotive fuels and powertrains in the European context; WELL-to-WHEELS Report Version 4a; Edwards R et al.; Luxembourg. View resource

Ecofys (2012). Renewable energy progress and biofuels sustainability; prepared for EC DG ENER. View resource

Edwards R, Hass H, Larivé J-F, Lonza L, Maas H and Rickeard D (2014). Well-to-wheels analysis of future automotive fuels and powertrains in the European context. European Commission Joint Research Centre Report EUR26236EN v4a, 98p. Data depicted for 2010 technology and vehicles. View resource

European Commission (2009). Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC, Official journal of the EU, June 5, 2009. (Text with EEA relevance) View resource

Searchinger T et al. (2008). Use of U.S. Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse Gases Through Emissions from Land Use Change, Science 319:1238-1240.

Tyner et al. (2010). Land Use Changes and Consequent CO2 Emissions due to US Corn Ethanol Production: A Comprehensive Analysis.

Laborde (2011). Assessing the Land Use Change Consequences of European Biofuel Policies, Final Report, October 2011, IFPRI.

The International Council on Clean Transportation (2012). A model-based quantitative assessment of the carbon benefits of introducing iLUC factors in the European Renewable Energy Directive; Washington DC View resource

Joint Research Centre (2011). Critical issues in estimating ILUC emissions – Outcomes of an expert consultation 9-10 November 2010, Ispra (Italy); Marelli L, Mulligan D, Edwards R; Ispra. View resource

International Food Policy Research Institute, EC Joint Research Centre – Institute for Energy and Transport (2014). Progress in estimates of ILUC with MIRAGE model; Laborde D, Padella M, Edwards R, Marelli L; Report EUR 26106 EN; Luxembourg. View resource

Ernst & Young LLC (2011). Biofuels and Indirect Land Use Change—the case for mitigation. View resource

Fritsche U and Wiegmann K (2011). Indirect Land Use Change and Biofuels; prepared for the EP Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety; IP/A/ENVI/ST/2010-15; Brussels. View resource

Wicke B et al. (2015). ILUC Prevention Strategies for Sustainable Biofuels – Synthesis report from the ILUC Prevention project; Utrecht University; Utrecht. View resource

Greenhouse Gas Emissions – More information fact sheet View resource

Ahlgren S and Di Lucia L (2014). Indirect land use changes of biofuel production – a review of modelling efforts and policy developments in the European Union; in: Biotechnology for Biofuels vol. 7:35. View resource

European Commission (2009). Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC, Official Journal of the EU, June 5, 2009 L 140 pages 16-62  (Text with EEA relevance) View resource

European Commission (2014). Biofuels sustainability schemes. View resource

Global Bioenergy Partnership. (2014). View resource

Frequently Asked Questions

2012. Innovating for Sustainable Growth. A Bioeconomy for Europe. View resource.

A Bauen, et al., 2009, Bioenergy-a Sustainable and Reliable Energy Source Main Report, IEA Bioenergy

Chum, A. Faaij, J. Moreira, (CLA’s) et al., 2011 Chapter 2, Bioenergy. In: Ottmar Edenhofer, Ramón Pichs Madruga, Youba Sokona et al. (eds.) The IPCC Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation, Cambridge University Press, New York, ISBN 978-1-107-60710-12011. Pp. 209-332 View resource

Coelho, Suani et al. (2015) GBEP Sustainability Indicators for biofuels in Brazil: case study for sugarcane ethanol mills in São Paulo State. Sao Paulo View resource

Diaz-Chavez, R. 2012. Land use for integrated systems: A bioenergy perspective. Environmental Development 3 (2012) 91–99

 

Diaz-Chavez Rocio et al (2015) Social Considerations. Chapter 21. In: Souza, Glaucia et al. (eds.) Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) 72. Sao Paulo: 514-539

El-Chichakli, Beate et al. (2016) Policy: Five cornerstones of a global bioeconomy. Nature 535: 221–223

Energy Information Administration (2014). Oil: Crude and Petroleum Products Explained View resource View resource

Englund, Oskar (2016) On Sustainability of Biomass for Energy and the Governance Thereof. PhD Thesis, Chalmers University of Technology. Gothenburg View resource

FAO (2012): United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, View resource

FAO (2014), FAO’s BEFS Approach: Implementation Guide, View resource

FAO (2014a) Pilot-testing of GBEP Sustainability Indicators for Bioenergy in Colombia. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome View resource

FAO (2014b) Pilot-testing of GBEP Sustainability Indicators for Bioenergy in Indonesia. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome View resource

Forsell, Nicklas et al. (2016) Follow-up study on impacts on resource efficiency of future EU demand for bioenergy (ReceBio follow-up). Study for EC DG ENV. Luxembourg View resource

Fritsche, Uwe et al. (2017) Sustainable energy options and implications for land use. Working Paper for the Global Land Outlook. Prepared for UNCCD and IRENA. Darmstadt etc. View resource

Fritsche, Uwe R. & Iriarte, Leire (2014) Sustainability Criteria and Indicators for the Bio-Based Economy in Europe: State of Discussion and Way Forward. Energies 7 (11): 6825-6836

GBEP (2011) The GBEP Sustainability Indicators for Bioenergy. Global Bio-Energy Partnership. Rome View resource

German, Laura et al. (2016) Sine Qua Nons of Sustainable Bioenergy: Distilling Implications of Under-Performance for National Biofuel Programmes. IASS Working Paper. Potsdam View resource

Hayashi, T; Ierland, E van & Zhu, X (2014) A holistic sustainability assessment tool for bioenergy using the Global Bioenergy Partnership (GBEP) sustainability indicators. Biomass and Bioenergy 66: 70-80

IEA & FAO (2017) How2Guide for Bioenergy – Roadmap Development and Implementation. Paris View resource

IEA Biofuels roadmap

IFEU & IINAS (2014) Implementing the GBEP Indicators for Sustainable Bioenergy in Germany. Prepared for BMWi. Heidelberg, Darmstadt View resource

IN Kluts et al. Biomass Resources: Agriculture Adv Biochem Eng Biotechnol. 2017 April 22

Ingeborg Kluts, Birka Wicke, Rik Leemans, André Faaij: Sustainability constraints in determining European bioenergy potential: A review of existing studies and steps forward, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13640321/69/supp/C: 719–734

IRENA (2016) Innovation Outlook: Advanced Liquid Biofuels. International Renewable Energy Agency. Abu Dhabi View resource

Iriarte, Leire et al. (2015a) Consistent Cross-Sectoral Sustainability Criteria & Indicators. Deliverable D5.4 of the S2Biom project. Darmstadt, Madrid View resource

Iriarte, Leire et al. (2015b) Summary report on how sustainability aspects of introduction bioeconomy value chains are currently considered. Deliverable D5.3 of the S2Biom project. Darmstadt, Madrid View resource

Iriarte, Leire et al. (2015c) Benchmarking and Gap Analysis. Deliverable D5.2 of the S2Biom project. Darmstadt, Madrid View resource

Iriarte, Leire et al. (2016) BioTrade2020plus Approach to Sustainability. BioTrade2020plus Deliverable D2.4. Darmstadt, Madrid, London View resource

Jonker et al., Supply chain optimization of sugarcane first generation and eucalyptus second generation ethanol production in Brazil, Applied Energy 173:494-510 · July 2016

Kline K, Msangi S, Dale V, Woods J, Souza M, Osseweijer P, Clancy J, Hilbert J , Johnson F, Mcdonnell P and Mugera H. 2017. Reconciling food security and bioenergy: priorities for action. GCB Bioenergy (2017) 9, 557–576, doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12366

Lamers, Patrik et al. – eds. (2016) Developing the Global Bioeconomy 1st Edition. Technical, Market, and Environmental Lessons from Bioenergy. Academic Press

Landälv, Ingvar & Waldheim, Lars (2017) Cost of Biofuel. Sustainable Transport Forum – Sub Group on Advanced Biofuels (SGAB). Brussels View resource

Meyer, Markus et al. (2016) Making environmental assessments of biomass production systems comparable worldwide. Environ. Res. Lett. 11: 034005

NL Agency (2012) Using the GBEP indicators in the Netherlands: The Outcomes of a desk study. Prepared by SQ Consult. Utrecht, The Hague View resource

Osseweijer P, Watson HK, Johnson FX et al. (2015) Bioenergy and food security. In: Bioenergy & Sustainability: Bridging the Gaps (eds Souza GM, Victoria R, Joly C, Verdade L) (Chapter 4) 72, pp. 779. Paris. SCOPE. ISBN 978-2-9545557-0-6. Available at: View resource (accessed 13 May 2016).

Panoutsou, Calliope et al. (2016) Delivery of sustainable supply of non-food biomass to support a “resource-efficient” Bioeconomy in Europe. Final Report of the EU S2Biom project. London etc. View resource

Piedra-Garcia, Diego et al. (2017) Consistent cross-sectoral sustainability Criteria and Indicators. Deliverable D4.5 of the EU project BIOSURF View resource

Richard T and El-Lakany H. 2015. Agriculture and Forestry Integration. Chapter 13. In: Souza, G. M., Victoria, R., Joly, C., & Verdade, L. (Eds.). (2015). Bioenergy & Sustainability: Bridging the gaps (Vol. 72, p. 779). Paris: SCOPE. ISBN 978-2-9545557-0-6

Robledo-Abad, Carmenza et al. (2017) Bioenergy production and sustainable development: science base for policymaking remains limited. GCB Bioenergy 9: 541-556

Rosillo-Calle F (2012) Food Versus Fuel: Toward A New Paradigm- The need for a Holistic Approach (Commissioned paper “Spotlight Article for ISRN Renewable Energy, Volume 2012, Article ID 954180; View resource
Richard T and El-Lakany H. 2015. Agriculture and Forestry Integration. Chapter 13. In: Souza, G. M., Victoria, R., Joly, C., & Verdade, L. (Eds.). (2015). Bioenergy & Sustainability: Bridging the gaps (Vol. 72, p. 779). Paris: SCOPE. ISBN 978-2-9545557-0-6

Rosillo-Calle F (2016) Review of biomass energy: Shortcomings and concerns, in Jr. of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 91: 1932-1945

RSB (2016) RSB Principles & criteria for the sustainable Production of biomass, biofuels and biomaterials. Chatelaine (Geneva) View resource

Souza, Glaucia et al. – eds. (2015) Bioenergy & Sustainability: Bridging the Gaps. Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) 72. Sao Paulo View resource

STAP (2015) Optimizing the global environmental benefits of transport biofuels. A STAP Advisory Document. Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel of the Global Environment Facility. Washington, DC View resource

STAP (2015) Optimizing the global environmental benefits of transport biofuels. A STAP Advisory Document. Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel of the Global Environment Facility. Washington, DC View resource

Ugarte, Sergio & Fritsche, Uwe (2016) Towards advanced biofuels – Options for integrating conventional and advanced biofuel production sites (RES-T-BIOPLANT). Final report by SQ Consult and IINAS for IEA-RETD. Utrecht View resource

UNCTAD (2016) Second-Generation Biofuel Markets: State of Play, Trade and Developing Country Perspectives. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. Geneva View resource

van Dam, Jinke  (2015) Inventory trends sustainability of biomass for various end-uses. Study commissioned by the Dutch Commission Corbey View resource

Watson, H., Diaz-Chavez, R., 2011. An assessment of the potential of drylands in eight sub-Saharan African countries to produce bioenergy feedstocks. Interface Focus 1, 263–270, http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsfs.2010.0022. (published online before print February 2, 2011).

WFP (2013): United Nations World Food Program,View resource

WHO (2015): World Health Statistics 2015. Global Health Observatory (GHO) data and report (online), available at View resource

Woods J, Lynd L, Laser M, Batistella M, Victoria M, Kline K and Faaij A. 2015. Land and Bioenergy. In: Bioenergy & Sustainability: Bridging the Gaps (eds Souza GM, Victoria R, Joly C, Verdade L) (Chapter 4) 72, pp. 779. Paris. SCOPE. ISBN 978-2-9545557-0-6. Available at: http://www.bioenfapesp.org/scopebioenergy/index.php (accessed 13 May 2016).

Woods J, Lynd LR; Laser, M; Batistella M, De Castro D; Kline, Keith L; Faaij, Andre; ” Land and Bioenergy in Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE), Bioenergy & Sustainability: bridging the gaps.” June, 2015. Souza, G. M., Victoria, R., Joly, C., & Verdade, L. (Eds.). (2015). Bioenergy & Sustainability: Bridging the gaps (Vol. 72, p. 779). Paris: SCOPE. ISBN 978-2-9545557-0-6 View resource