December 2017 [glossary_exclude] Based on a thorough analysis of future development of bioenergy, the recently published new “Technology Roadmap: Delivering Sustainable Bioenergy[/glossary_exclude] [glossary_exclude]” from the International Energy Agency (IEA) provides an excellent “guide” addressing future needs for bioenergy, its resource potential, the various technology pathways to all end uses, and – last but not least…Details
December 2017 [glossary_exclude] The efforts on quantifying iLUC effects are largely based on economic analysis using computable general equilibrium models (CGE modelling frameworks). As with any model, the outputs are dependent on the model robustness and assumptions utilized. ILUC factors can vary because of this and have been complemented by important research that highlight the…Details
November 2017 The answer to this question seems more complicated that it appears; prices have been a battleground for those in favour or against biofuels. Many studies have been carried out to prove or disprove such impacts, and are often exagerated. There is abundant literature but with different outcomes due to different methodologies, use of…Details
November 2017 Recent literature shows that the technical potential of biomass for energy may be as large as 500 EJ/yr by 2050. However, large uncertainty exists about important factors such as market and policy conditions that affect this potential. [glossary_exclude] The assessment suggests potential deployment levels by 2050 in the range of 100 to 300…Details
October 2017 While the sustainability standards for biofuels as they are currently identified within the 2009 Renewable Energy Directive (RED I) address all biofuels, are there other criteria which are needed to specifically address advanced biofuels? [glossary_exclude] In principle, sustainability criteria should apply to all fuels but it is important to ensure that they cover…Details
Key factors in the definition of advanced Biofuels: What feedstocks could be defined as advanced? Are there enough of these feedstocks available, or can these be mobilized?
June 2017 “Advanced biofuels’’ is a general term for biofuels that are not commercially available on the market today that are produced from new or improved technology, often using non-food feedstocks that can deliver better performance with respect to GHG balance, environmental impacts and compatibility with fueling infrastructure than current biofuels.[glossary_exclude] The IEA defines advanced…Details
What are the critical criteria in regard to sustainability, how do they compare with those in REDII and how best to implement/verify these?
September 2017 The sustainability of biomass and bioenergy,[glossary_exclude] biofuels in particular, is addressed in a large variety of research activities, governmental, NGO and private sector initiatives, and – to a limited extent – in national regulation and legislation. Critical sustainability criteria related to biofuels concern environmental issues, especially life cycle GHG emissions including those from…Details
[glossary_exclude] September 2017 Biofuels and food security can be complementary but an integrated and holistic understanding of food and biofuel production is needed to ensure biofuels are produced on a sustainable basis while also enhancing food security. One of the main concerns associated with food security and biofuels is ensuring the availability of land for…Details
How would different generations of biofuels complement or compete with each other over time? Should phase out be considered per EU proposals?
[glossary_exclude] September 2017 Today’s biofuels, typically referred to as[/glossary_exclude] conventional biofuels[glossary_exclude] or first generation biofuels, are largely produced from either sugars or starch to deliver[/glossary_exclude] ethanol[glossary_exclude] or from vegetable oil to deliver[/glossary_exclude] biodiesel[glossary_exclude]. Some EU policymakers, scientists and civil society have suggested these be phased out over time in the EU and be replaced by…Details
May 2015 Oil prices dropped by more than 50% from December 2014 to February 2015. Large variations in oil prices have been common. The causes have been both political and economic, but the current situation has been caused by having an excess supply of oil and not enough demand. If the current price drop is…Details